Obesity is a condition where a individual has accumulated so much of the body fat which in turn will have a negative effect on the health. If a person's body weight was at least 20 percent more than what it should be, he or she was considered as an obese. If the Body Mass Index (BMI) is in between 25 - 29.9 you were considered as an overweight individual. If the BMI is 30 or over that it, you were considered as an obese. Obesity Surgery is a best option for the treatment of obesity.
CAUSES OF OBESITY
The fundamental cause of the obesity is an energy imbalance in between the calories consumed & calories expended.
- An increased in intake of energy-dense foods which are high in fat
- An increase in physical inactivity because of the increasingly sedentary nature of various forms of work, changing the modes of transportation, & increasing urbanization.
- Changes in dietary & physical activity patterns are usually the result of environmental & societal changes linked with development & lack of supportive policies in the sectors like health, agriculture, food processing, transport, urban planning, environment, distribution, marketing & education.
CONSEQUENCES OF OBESITY
Increased range of BMI is a major risk factor for the non-communicable diseases like:
- Cardiovascular diseases (particularly heart disease & stroke)
- Musculoskeletal disorders (particularly osteoarthritis a highly disabling and degenerative disease which effects the joints)
- Some cancers (which includes endometrial, prostate, breast, ovarian, liver, kidney, gallbladder & colon).
Childhood obesity is linked with a higher chance of the obesity, premature death & disability in the adulthood. But in addition to the increased potential risks, obese children will also experience some certain breathing difficulties, increased risk of the fractures, hypertension, psychological effects, cardiovascular disease & insulin resistance.
Obesity treatments have 2 objectives:
- To achieve healthy weight.
- To maintain the healthy weight.
People who are obese are usually discouraged because they may think they have to lose lot of weight before any benefits were experienced. This is not at all true. Any obese person who loses their weight just 5 - 10 % of their body weight will have very significant improvement in their health - this would mean in between 12-25 pounds for obese person who weighs in 250 pounds. The following changes are needs to be follow for the treatment of obesity:
- Dietary changes
- Physical activity
- Medications for reducing weight
- Weight loss surgery (bariatric surgery)
But successful & permanent weight loss will be achieved best as a result of increased routine physical activity, changing how & when you eat, & modifying the behavior. Some of the patients will be prescribed medication, while others may also need to undergo weight-loss surgery.