Diabetes is the problem with the body that will causes blood glucose (sugar) levels to increase higher than the normal range. This is also called as hyperglycemia. Type 2 diabetes will occur when the pancreas does not produce enough of the insulin to maintain the normal blood glucose level, or if the body is unable to use insulin which is produced called insulin resistance. Typical symptoms of the diabetes may include: Feeling very tired, Feeling very thirsty, passing the urine more often than the usual particularly at night times, weight loss & muscle bulk. To diagnose the diabetes, the urine & blood sample will be tested for the glucose levels.
Treatment for the diabetes will targets to keep the blood glucose levels in normal condition as possible & controls the symptoms to prevent the health related problems developing later in the life. Some of the people who are suffering with type 2 diabetes will also achieve their target blood sugar levels only with the diet and exercise alone, but so of the people will need diabetes medications, insulin therapy or even surgery.
- Oral medications are generally the first type of the medicine to the people with type 2 diabetes, this will be tried when patients already tried when the diet & exercise alone are not enough to keep their blood sugar levels in a healthy range.
- Insulin injections will lower the blood glucose. Only in some people with the type 2 diabetes will need insulin. It can be advised if the blood glucose level is not at all controlled well by the tablets. The dose & the type of the insulin used differ from person to person.
- Surgery will be done for the type 2 diabetic patients, to exclude the extra pounds & that will also helps to control blood sugar. Doctors generally recommend the weight loss surgery, for men who were 100 pounds or more and for women with 80 extra pounds or more, who are suffering with the diabetes.
Bariatric surgery: If a person who has type 2 diabetes & the body mass index (BMI) was greater than 35, then the weight-loss surgery called as bariatric surgery is a best choice. Blood sugar levels will return to normal in 55 - 95 % of the people with diabetes, based on the surgery performed. Surgeries which bypass the portion of the small intestine will have major effect on the sugar levels in blood than do other weight-loss surgeries. The main advantage of bariatric surgery was, it will produces the significant long-term of the weight loss (60 - 80 % excess of the weight loss)